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The Behavior of Fish and Other Aquatic Animals


Author: David Mostofsky

Publisher: Academic Press

Publish Date: 1st January 1978

ISBN-13: 9780323151733

Pages: 408

Language: English



The Behavior of Fish and Other Aquatic Animals provides a comprehensive discussion of the behavior of fish and other aquatic animals. It aims to fulfill the need for published materials that can responsibly depict the status quo of existing knowledge, and that can serve to educate the scientist seeking an organized presentation focused on biobehavioral issues and techniques.The book begins by exploring symbiotic relationships in fishes that range from broad multispecific types that have little or no intimacy between symbionts to intimate mutualistic relationships. It then presents studies on the feasibility of using teleost fish as subjects in behavioral toxicology experiments; the visual behavior of fishes; the role of the teleost telencephalon in behavior; and the auditory systems of fishes. The remaining chapters cover the behavior of turtles in land, sea, and fresh waters; visually guided behavior in turtles; the gas bubble disease of fish; and the advantages and limitations of acoustic telemetry, which has been used to obtain data from animals ranging in size from hatchling sea turtles to large tuna and sharks.

Table of Contents

List of Contributors Preface 1 The Symbiotic Behavior of Fishes I. Introduction-Modern Views of Symbioses II. Field Methods of the Marine Ethologist III. Symbioses Involving Many Species IV. Symbioses Involving a Small Number of Species V. Concluding Remarks References 2 Behavioral Toxicology and Teleost Fish I. Introduction II. Conditioning and Learning III. Behavioral Toxicity IV. Summary References 3 Vision in Fishes: Color and Pattern I. Introduction II. Spatial Vision III. Chromatic Vision References 4 The Function of the Teleost Telencephalon in Behavior: A Reinforcement Mediator I. Introduction II. Analysis of the Role of the Telencephalon III. Telencephalon Ablation, Behavior, and Reinforcement IV. Comparative Psychological Research: A Comment References 5 Sound Detection and Sensory Coding by the Auditory Systems of Fishes I. Introduction II. Sound Detection III. The Analysis of Auditory Information IV. Auditory Localization V. Auditory Electrophysiology VI. Conclusion References 6 The Behavior of Turtles in the Sea, in Freshwater, and on Land I. Introduction II. Systematics III. Sensory Systems IV. Major Behavior Patterns V. Conclusion References 7 Visually Guided Behavior of Turtles I. Introduction II. The Testudinata III. Depth Perception IV. Visual Alarm Reactions V. Optokinetic Responses VI. Water-Finding Behavior VII. Migration and Homing VIII. Summary and Conclusions References 8 The Gas Bubble Disease of Fish I. Introduction II. Adaptation to Supersaturation III. Supersaturation: An Environmental Problem IV. Experimental Induction of Gas Bubble Disease in Adult Atlantic Menhaden V. Testing Procedure for Gas Supersaturation VI. Symptomatology of Gas Bubble Disease in Menhaden VII. The Interaction of Changing Temperatures and Supersaturation of Gases in Adult Menhaden VIII. Conclusions References 9 Underwater Acoustic Biotelemetry: Procedures for Obtaining Information on the Behavior and Physiology of Free-Swimming Aquatic Animals in Their Natural Environments I. Introduction II. Sound as a Medium for Underwater Telemetry III. Biological Applications of Underwater Acoustic Telemetry IV. Construction of Telemetry Equipment and Equipping Animals with Transmitters V. Conclusions and Speculations Appendix References Index