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Pineal and Retinal Relationships


Author: Paul O’Brien

Publisher: Academic Press

Publish Date: 28th January 1986

ISBN-13: 9780323149853

Pages: 452

Language: English



Pineal and Retinal Relationships presents the proceedings of the Symposium on Pineal and Retinal Relationships, held in Sarasota, Florida on May 3–5, 1985. This book looks at the features that the retina of the lateral eyes and the pineal organ share, including biochemical processes, photoreceptive structures, biorhythmic phenomena, and physiological functions. This text also discusses the general and complex concept of photoneuroendocrine systems. Organized into 27 chapters, this book starts with an overview of the basic features of retinal and pineal receptors. It then proceeds with a discussion of the environmental factors that vertebrates use as cue to synchronize their circannual and circadian rhythms by which they adjust their physiological, behavioral, and biochemical functions. Other chapters consider the melatonin synthesis in vertebrates, which allows them to sequence physiological events into closer temporal position with seasonal climatic changes. This book is a valuable resource to optometrist, neurologist, neurosurgeons, photobiologists, ophthalmologists, and eye care professionals.

Table of Contents

Preface Historical Perspectives of Photoneuroendocrine Systems Multiple Cell Types in the Pineal: Functional Aspects Photoneurophysiology of Pinealocytes Turnover of Pineal Photoreceptive Membranes in the Frog, Rana esculenta Complex Regulation of Teleost Retinomotor Movements by Cyclic AMP, Calcium, and Dopamine Circadian Photoreceptor Outer Segment Disc Shedding in the Rat Indole Biochemistry in Pineal and Retinal Mechanisms Melatonin in Vertebrates: Arguments for Local Functions and Hormonal Effects Multiple Aromatic Amine TV-Acetyltransferases in the Pineal Gland Localization of Melatonin Synthesis and Binding in the Vertebrate Retina Melatonin and 7V-Acetyltransferase Rhythms in Pineal and Retina Rhythms of Melatonin Biosynthesis in Retina: Involvement of Calcium, Cyclic A M P and Dopamine in the Regulation of Serotonin N-Acetyltransferase Melatonin and Dopamine Interactions in the Regulation of Rhythmic Photoreceptor Metabolism Modulation of Dopaminergic Activity by Melatonin in Retina The Influence of Light Irradiance and Wavelength on Pineal Physiology of Mammals The Suprachiasmatic Nucleus (SCN) as a Site of the Circadian Pacemaker in Mammals Adrenergic Regulation of Cyclic A M P and Cyclic GMP in Rat Pinealocytes Retinal S Antigen, An Overview Pineal Gland in S-Antigen Induced Experimental Autoimmune Uveitis Isolation of cDNAs for Bovine S-Antigen S-Antigen Immunocytochemistry Effects of Continuous Light Exposure on Pinealitis Induced by Retinal Soluble Antigen Interphotoreceptor Retinoid-Binding Protein: A Link between Retinal Rod Photoreceptor Cells and Pineal Gland Interstitial Retinol-Binding Protein (IRBP) in Rat and Bovine Pineal Organs: Evolutionary Vestige or Functional Molecule? Electron Microscopic Localization of Immunoreactive Opsin in the Pineal Organ Structure of Transducin and Its Relationship to Cellular Guanine Nucleotide-Binding Proteins Light Activation of Phospholipase C in Frog Rod Outer Segments Index